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  Wed Jan 16

Pleuropneumonia in Horses - shipping sickness

Over recent years, quite a number of valuable horses have developed acute infection within the lung and chest commonly referred to as 'travel sickness' or 'shipping disease'.
Horses that have raced or been subjected to strenuous exercise immediately prior to long distance travelling are particularly prone to developing pleuropneumonia, which if not recognised and treated early, is invariably debilitating and may be fatal.


Cause   Top Low grade viral infection, breathing contaminated air in poorly ventilated transports and the stress of travel appear to be the main underlying causes.
Travel stress includes:
  • noise
  • cramped spaces
  • high speed driving
  • swaying of trailers, and
  • inadequate rest stops.
    'Short tying' the head can lead to the spread of bacteria from the nose and mouth area into the deeper parts of the respiratory tract, predisposing the horse to travel sickness. The risk of travel sickness is increased if horses are unable to put their heads down to drain normal respiratory secretions.
    Travel sickness is also a problem in horses travelled by air over long distances. Studies have shown that general airborne contamination is highest at the rear of the aircraft and transports, and horses travelling at the rear are most likely to develop the condition.
    Transporting horses which are suffering from underlying viral disease, or are tired and dehydrated after racing or competition, increases the risk.
    Dusty feed and hay containing bacterial germs and moulds, and breathing in dust from roads, results in inhaled contamination, which overloads the lungs' defence system. Unfortunately, many modern 'streamlined' floats and horse transports are often poorly ventilated.
Symptoms   Top It is important to watch for and recognise the tell-tale signs early, especially during the few days following a long trip.
Horses with early pleuropneumonia:
  • become depressed
  • develop a fever
  • go off their feed, and
  • pant in shallow, rapid breaths.
    Early signs may be confused with colic, as horses resist moving, stand with the front legs apart, and paw the ground. As the condition worsens, the horse may turn to look at its painful chest.
    Immediate veterinary advice should be obtained. Unfortunately, once pleuropneumonia worsens, it is difficult to treat, and can result in death within 3-5 days.
Prevention   Top
  1. Always ensure that horses are cooled down, and given a drink before long distance travel. In very tired, dehydrated or stressed horses, long distance travel of over 12 hours duration should be delayed until they recover, preferably at least overnight.
  2. Ensure ventilation is sufficient to keep air flowing without causing chills. An adequate rate of air change is important in large transports carrying a number of horses over long distances.
  3. Provide dampened feed or pellets to reduce dust and airborne contamination. Lightly dampen hay, in particular, by wrapping a biscuit of hay in a wet chaff bag for 2-4 hours to reduce dust and other airborne contamination. This will increase palatability of hay and provide additional moisture during long trips. Locate feeders below chest bar height.
  4. Do not tie the head too short - give the horse as much space as possible to feel comfortable and be able to put its head down. Stallion dividers may be required to prevent horses squabbling during transport.
  5. Avoid transporting horses suffering from respiratory disease. If a horse has symptoms, do not transport it as it may infect others during the trip.
  6. Ensure the trailer is in good condition and level on the towbar. Drive steadily and smoothly. Keep the back flap down to reduce intake of swirling dust on dirt roads.
  7. Stop every 3-4 hours and open the trailer doors. If possible, unload and allow the horse(s) to walk around, or preferably graze or feed with the head down for at least 15-20 minutes. Provide access to drinking water at rest stops. A 60ml dose of Recharge over the tongue will replace electrolytes and stimulate drinking.
  8. If a horse has competed or raced hard, give it a day off after a long trip. Turning the horse into a grassy green paddock to graze with its head down for a few hours, or putting dampened feed in a bin at floor level, will encourage drainage of the respiratory system.
  9. After travelling a horse over a long distance, keep a careful watch for loss of appetite, depression, fever and obvious discomfort for the first few days. It is a good idea to monitor the horse's temperature morning and night for at least 3 days after long trips, and seek vet advice if the temperature is elevated (the normal body temperature of an adult horse is 36.5-38.5°C).
  Sun Oct 28

Andalusian Horse


The Andalusian horse breed is highly respected and well known from the medieval period. The Andalusian breed of horses is very ancient breed which came into existence when there was a cross between the Spanish stock horses and the Oriental horses. This all happens when the Moors came into Spain around 18th century with the Oriental horses. Due to the influence of the Spanish horses the Andalusian horses possess a great physical appearance and that is why the Andalusian horses are one of the likable riding horses in the world.


As we know that the Andalusian horses have the characteristics of Spanish and the oriental breed of horses and due to that the Andalusian horses have phenomenal physical impact and the availability of the Andalusian horses in various colors such as gray, white and bay make it more special. In describing the physical qualities of the Andalusian horse the most impressive portion is its height. The average height of the Andalusian horse ranges from 15 – 16 hands which mean that it is long horse with great masculine body structure. The proportions of the other parts of the body according to its height are set in excellent manner. The chest of the Andalusian horse is big and the ears of the Andalusian horse are small. The nose of the Andalusian horse is convex in shape and the legs are long and the overall appearance of the Andalusian horse is quite energetic. The mindset of the Andalusian horse is quite calm and the Andalusian horse has a skill to learn at a good pace.


The Andalusian horses have got its name from the Andalusia which is one of the states of Spain. The Andalusian is the descendants of the Iberian horse and Barb horse and after that the oriental breeds of horses have played an important role in developing the Andalusian breed of horses. In the early ages the Andalusian horses were take care by the monks and the quality of nobleness is found in them. Many of us considered the Andalusian horses as the noblest horse in the world.


The history of the Andalusian horses is full of interesting facts, right from its beginning as they came into existence after cross between two great breed of horses, then they have been developed and trained by the monks. The fact which is most important and impressive is that the monks are the excellent trainers and they maintained the purity of the breed at a very good level. The Andalusian horse gets excellent physical qualities from its contributor breeds and the Andalusian horse gets the quality of nobleness from the monks. Due to its excellent physical qualities the Andalusian horses were included in the army of the Napoleon and it was one of the causes which blusters the purity of the breed of Andalusian horse

  Wed Oct 17

What is a PONY ?


A horse of a small breed.

A pony is a breed of horse which has a number of distinct traits, most notably a small size. Numerous pony breeds can be found all over the world, and some well known representatives of this equine group include Shetland, Welsh, and Connemara ponies. Just like their larger relatives, ponies have been used for work, sport, and pleasure for thousands of years, and they are incredibly diverse creatures.

A pony is not merely a small horse. There are several distinct physical differences between horses and ponies which make the two easy to distinguish. Ponies tend to very stocky, with thick bones, wide chests, and small heads. Their manes, tails, and coats are often thicker than those of horses, perhaps because many pony breeds evolved in colder climates where a thick layer of insulation would be vital.

Ponies are also incredibly strong for their size, thanks to their muscular bodies. A mature pony can sometimes pull the same weight as a draft horse, for example, and many ponies are capable of carrying adult riders. Pound for pound, ponies are much stronger than horses. They are also known for being extremely hardy, and tolerant of a wide range of conditions including extreme cold. The pony is also famous for being extremely intelligent, and sometimes a bit stubborn.

Showing purposes

14.2 hh and up is a horse

Sizes and Scales:Ponies are 14.2 hands (abbreviated hh) (1.47 m) at the withers or smaller, while a horse is anything taller than 14.2 hh at the withers.

What's in a Name? The term "pony" can be used generally for any small horse, regardless of its actual measurements. It is interesting to note, however, that some equine breeds are not considered ponies, even if they are under 14.2 hh, because of their fiery temperament.

All For Show:
For showing purposes, ponies are grouped into small, medium, and large sizes. Small ponies are 12.2 hh and under, medium ponies are over 12.2 but no taller than 13.2 hh (1.27 to 1.37 m), and large ponies are over 13.2 hh but no taller than 14.2 hh (1.37 to 1.47 m).

Note, however, that miniature horses are not the same as ponies. A miniature horse is in fact much smaller, required to be no taller than 8.2 hh (86cm) at the withers. There are also miniature pony breeds.


Wild Ponies?There are several wild breeds of pony, and these have often been captured and bred for various purposes, especially in Britain and Ireland.

These wild breeds along with domestic breeds were used as "pit ponies" hauling loads of coal up from the mines, for freight transport, as children's mounts and for entertainment, and later as competitors and performers in their own right. They were also ridden (and continue to be ridden) by adults, as ponies are usually very strong.

Ponies are often said to be mean, untrustworthy, spooky or devious. Properly trained ponies can be gentle, and are appropriate mounts for children who are learning to ride.

The Riding Pony was developed in the United Kingdom, and was such a success that it is now bred all over the world. They are excellent show ponies. The breed is an extremely elegant animal, more like a small horse than a pony. It has a small head and small, neat ears.

They are compact, with sloping shoulders and a narrow front. Their feet are tough and they possess strong limbs. They are well-proportioned with comfortable gaits and free-flowing movement.

What's Your Type? There are three types of ponies:

* The show pony: super-elegant miniature show hack with pony features
* The show hunter: similar to the show pony, but with more substance
* The working hunter: stockier, and more workmanlike

Shetland ponies, also known as shelts, are small (on average up to 42 inches to the wither) but strong for their size. The Shetland Pony originated from the Shetland Islands - North East of Scotland.

The ancient ponies' roots are unknown, though it is believed that they are related to the ancient Scandinavian ponies from when the islands were joined with Scandinavia
(up until 8000 BC).

They were probably influenced by the Celtic Pony, taken by the Celts between 2000 and 1000 BC. The harsh climate and scarce food developed the ponies into extremely hardy animals. They were first used for carrying peat and ploughing. Then, in the mid-19th century, when laws were passed prohibiting children from working in coal mines, thousands of Shetlands traveled to Mainland Britain to be 'pit ponies,' working underground their whole lives
hauling coal.

Versatility in a Pony: The United States mid-west coal mines also imported some of these animals. The Shetland Pony Stud Book Society was started in 1890 to maintain purity and encourage high-quality animals. In 1956, the Shetland Islands Premium Stallion Scheme was formed to subsidize high-quality registered stallions to improve the breeding stock. Today, Shetlands are used as children's ponies and are also featured in the Shetland Pony Grand National, galloping around the course with their young jockeys.


What sizes do pony halters & bridles come in?
We have labeled all of our halters and bridles to fit the typical pony of the size mentioned. These are guidelines only! Sometimes an animal will have a smaller or bigger head for his size, plus different breeds have different shaped heads. For example, Welsh ponies usually have small muzzles and broad foreheads. Stallions will have much larger jowels as will Arabians or part Arabs.

Size Height Notes
Small Pony 12.2 hands and under Sometimes called 'Shetland'
Medium Pony Over 12.2 and up to 13.2 hands  
Large Pony Over 13.2 and up to 14.2 hands Often equivalent to 'Horse Yearling'
Cob Over 14 and up to 15.2 hands For larger Larges and Small Horses
Small/Med 12 - 13 hands For larger Smalls and smaller Mediums
Med/Large 13 -14 hands For larger Mediums and smaller Larges
Large Pony/Cob 14 - 15 hands For larger Larges and Small Horses

How do I measure for a pony halter?
To measure for a halter, use a flexible measuring tape and take the following measurements. You can then email them to us and we can check the measurements against any of our products. We have labeled all of our halters to fit the typical pony of the size mentioned (see first FAQ)

  1. The distance from an inch or two below the point of the cheekbone on one side, over the crown, to the same point on the other side. The starting and end points are where the halter side rings will be.
  2. The distance around the nose (circumference) at the points mentioned above.

How do I measure for a pony bridle?
To measure for a bridle, use a flexible measuring tape and take the following measurements. You can then email them to us and we can check the measurements against any of our products. We have labeled all of our bridles to fit the typical pony of the size mentioned (see first FAQ)

  • The distance from the corner of the mouth on one side, over the crown, to the same point on the other side
  • The distance around the nose (circumference) where you want your bridle's noseband to lie
  • The distance around the throat and over the crown where the throat latch goes. Make this measurement as loose as the throat latch will be
  1. The browband measurement from behind the ear, across the forehead, to the same place on the other side (where the browband will be)
  2. The type of bit you will be using (Dee, Eggbutt, Full Cheek, etc.) The size of the rings in various bits will affect the fit of your bridle

How do I measure for a pony in-hand bridle?
Please send us the following measurements, following the diagram, to ensure a good fit. Also, if you're ordering a bridle that uses a bit, please indicate the type of bit you'll be using including the size of the ring.

  1. From the corner of the mouth on one side, over the poll, to the corner of the mouth on the other side
  2. Noseband - measure completely around nose where noseband will be - about two fingers below cheekbone
  3. Throat - from the poll, completely around, going under the throat. (fairly snug)
  4. Browband - from behind the ear, across the forehead, to the same place on the other side
  5. Distance between splits -From where the browband meets the bridle (about 1" below the ear), over the poll, to the same place on the other side

  Wed Aug 22


There are only two kinds of horses.... those that have laminitis and those that could someday get it!

So what is laminitis and how do horses get it?
Put simply, laminits is the inflamation of the sensitive laminar corium in the hoof, causing a breakdown of the bond between the hoof wall and the coffin bone.
Severe cases are commonly known as founder and major causes are by eating sugar rich grasses, but it can also be caused by concussion of the hooves on hard surfaces, over-eating grain, infection from retaining afterbirth, excessive weight bearing on one leg, stress, vaccinations and medications.
There are many good texts giving much greater detail on the causes and treatments, so if you own a horse, you should be aware of how this condition occurs and how to keep your horse from suffering it.
One such book with an excellent chapter on laminitis is The Sound Hoof - Horse Health from the Ground up by Lisa Simons Lancaster (read a full review). You can purchase this book from
This book lists the early clinical signs of laminitis as:
  • Reluctance to move freely (especially on hard/rough surfaces).
  • Blood stains visible in the white line or hoof wall.
  • Pulse and respiration may be elevated due to pain.
  • When moving, prefers to canter rather than trot if given a choice.
  • Feet are off balance - may have long toes, high heels or both.
  • Moves forward soundly but takes slightly shorter than normal strides.
  • Sound on soft terrain but may limp or stumble on hard or rocky ground.
  • Sole bruising and a stretched white line (in some horses, by the time you see this they have been compromised for quite some time).

    If your horse's hooves have numerous stress rings like this one, it probably indicates repeated episodes of sub clinical laminitis.

    Late clinical signs: (Founder)
  • Lies down a lot
  • Standing but will not move
  • Bounding digital pulse
  • Sole hot to the touch
  • White line stretched
  • Will not allow you to pick up a foot
  • Stops eating
  • Sole bruise in the shape of a coffin bone
  • Shifting weigh tfrom foot to foot (swaying side to side).
  • Standing with front legs stretched out, back arched, trying to lean back to get weight off toes.
  • When asked to turn in a tight area like a stall or narrow barn aisle the horse rocks backwards onto haunches, lifts head up and lurches around because it hurts to turn the feet.

    Usually several of these signs will appear together or appear over the course of a few days.
    All of the signs need to be evaluated in context. No single indicator would be diagnostic for laminitis.
If you suspect your horse has laminitis or founder then do your research, ask many opinions from varied sources (natural hoof care practitioners, vets, farriers) and comminicate with others who have successfully rehabilitated a founderd horse or pony.
Then DO someting about it - just hoping that early signs will go away is leading to a severe case which is more painful for your horse and your pocket!
Better still, assess your horse's sitation before it occurs;
  • Do you have hooves trimmed regularly? (ie: every 4 weeks - not 8, 10 or 12) to maintain good hoof balance and health.
  • What is the diet? Grains, lucernes, rich grass or a fresh flush of grass all cause laminitic attacks.
  • What stresses does your horse endure? Travelling, competing, over training, illness, vaccinations, de-worming and medicating can all be triggers for laminitis.
Because laminitis is a "whole horse disorder" a holistic approach works well to identify and correct the root cause.
Be especially vigilant as spring grasses are starting to emerge. Restrict access to grass during the later part of the day and at night, and keep feeding plenty of hay so your horse doesn't feel the need to gorge on toxic grass.

For more detailed information on Laminitis and Founder go to articles at and

An in-depth presentation on laminitis can be found here on the

More Excellent advice and articles can be found if you click here to read
Carola Adolf's articles on Laminits.

FABULOUS ONLINE VIDEOS ALL HORSE OWNERS NEED TO SEE – learn more about the dangers of over-feeding your horse and how to tell if they are overweight. Click this link to Fran Jurga’s Hoofblog to read more about how we inadvertently overfeed our horses and cases of laminitis are rising as a consequence – the videos are each about 7-9 minutes long.


Amazing Founder Rehabilitation through hoof trimming and wholistic care.
Most vets and horse owners consider a severe case of laminitis to be a death sentence. Some think it’s too much hard work and expense for them and too much pain for the horse or pony to endure. But why should we give up on those wonderful creatures who have given us so much? Previously it was thought that a foundered pony or horse couldn’t ever return to soundness and therefore usefulness – I was one of them. Since meeting Glynn and being involved in his rehabilitation, I’ve discovered otherwise.
With a good natural hoof trim on a regular basis and changes to a more natural diet free of rich grasses, a horse can grow a whole new hoof (or 4). This re-aligns the pedal bone and the horse becomes sound and able to perform again. In the process the owner learns how to care for the horse so laminitis doesn’t re-occur. Everyone is a winner!

Here is the story of Glynn and his recovery.
Glynn is a 22 year old Welsh Section A stallion and was a show ring champion in NSW in his younger days.
His move to Tasmania last year onto richer grass, and in-frequent hoof care caused laminitis which was so severe that most vets would have recommended euthanasia.
All four pedal bones had rotated through his soles causing open wounds and extreme lameness.

Glynn's founder stance prior to the first trim.

Cynthia was called for advice in February 2005 and fortunately, respected QLD Hoof Trimmer, Peter Laidley was in Tasmania for a workshop so was able to do the initial trim and prescribe a course of treatment. Trims were continued by Cynthia along with daily love and care from his owner, followed by another check up from Peter in May.

In the space of seven months he went from being barely able to move, to trotting and cantering freely on grass. He is now able to handle walking on gravel and his hooves will continue to improve and toughen up now that they are back in shape.

Treatment Summary:
*A natural trim every week for 8 weeks, then every fortnight for the next 6 weeks & now every 3 weeks.
* Initial bandaging of the front hoof wounds to keep honey in and dirt out until the wounds were healed (3 months).
* Painkillers to keep spirits up and encourage some movement (gradually phased out after 4 weeks).
* Confinement away from grass in a large stock yard on soft footing (wood chips & straw then some pea sized gravel was added in wet areas).
Free choice average quality grass hay plus oaten chaff with supplements and a small amount of pellets (Hygain Ice recommended) and a few vegetables for variety.
Once the hooves have regained a sound shape, a small amount of grass is allowed daily (1 hour of grazing with a muzzle on). Once the grass dries off, more grazing can be gradually offered.


Right after the first trim and padded hooves, Glynn was able to get relief and stand comfortably.

The front hooves prior to the first trim - extremely high heels contributed to rotated pedal bones through the sole.

The worst front hoof showing the pedal bone through the sole.

Polystyrene pads initially provided support and relief.

9 months later the worst front hoof has regained a sound structure.

The hind hoof also showing a wound from the rotated pedal bone and blood in the white line.

A hind hoof half way through treatment showing the new and old growth.

The hind hoof 9 months later.

The front hoof is getting closer to its ideal shape 9 months later.

Glynn looking and feeling great 9 months later.

Glynn was trimmed by Peter Laidley for his 1 year anniversary trim and shows his appreciation with a pony kiss.

His hinds are looking fantastic.

His front hooves still have some recovery to do but are so much better.

Glynn looking good (but still a bit cresty) in Feb. 2006 exactly 12 months after his first rehab trim.

Your Horse is what it Eats - By Cynthia Cooper

Horses evolved to eat small amounts of grasses, herbs and minerals almost constantly throughout the day.
They covered many miles to reach water and lived in small herds of varied ages and sexes.
Does this sound like the modern horse?
Not really - their involvement with humans has necessitated their restriction and artificial feeding for ease of use as a working animal.
But today the majority of horses are used for pleasure and that pleasure need not be all ours. If we want a happy, healthy horse to provide many years of companionship then we can change our ways to suit their nature.
Many new ideas are replacing traditional methods of horsemanship and health care with hoof care and feeding now the focus. Natural Hoof Care practitioners and forage researchers have discovered that horses cannot be fed like cows – on high sugar grasses that maximise beef and milk production. To do so, compromises the health of our horses by causing laminitis as horses become more carbohydrate intolerant – commonly called ‘good doers’.
When horses eat high sugar grass it causes a toxic reaction in the hind gut which then affects the connection between hoof wall and laminae (sensitive internal structure). This causes common hoof ailments such as abscesses, seedy toe, white line disease and deformed, shallow, sensitive hooves.
With a little thought and planning, better management and feeding practices can change all of this.
Here are some changes you can make with feeding to improve health:
  • Ensure grass hay is fed as the main diet, along with free choice minerals and salt.
  • Try to feed as far from the water as possible to encourage movement.
  • Give your horse room to move by fencing a 10–30m wide track around your pasture which makes a long, thin paddock and restricts grass intake.
  • Restrict grass intake appropriately for each horse – most will need to be kept off grass during the evening when the grass sugars are highest. Some horses may only be able to tolerate a couple of hours in the very early morning, especially in spring.
  • Some ‘good doers’ will need to wear a grazing muzzle some of the time to remain with the herd. It’s not comfortable for them to wear a muzzle all the time and colic may result if they don't get enough bulk food (such as hay). It is reccommended to remove the muzzle and horse/pony from the grass and feed hay overnight.
  • Some good doers will need to have their ‘sugar rich’ hay soaked for a few hours to lower the sugar content. Rich hay is usually cut from rye grass & clover pastures designed for fattening cattle.
  • Avoid feeding grain unless your horse is receiving enough additional exercise to utilise the energy such as racehorses, endurance and performance horses. Broodmares, foals and young horses may need some grains and legumes (lucerne) to provide additional protein and calcium. All other horses will gain or maintain weight, safely on free choice hay.
  • Recommended Resources - BOOKS:
    The Natural Horse – Jaime Jackson
    Paddock Paradise – Jaime Jackson
    Founder: Prevention & Cure – Jaime Jackson
    Making Natural Hoof Care Work For You – Pete Ramey
    The Secret of Happy Horses by Sabine Kells
    A Lifetime of Soundness by Dr Strasser
  Tue Jul 10

Horse Story Sent in by Caraly Roeper

 got Doc about a 2 years ago for my 11th birthday. He was the best present ever and I couldn't ask for more from him. When we got him he was green, since he had been out to Pasture for over a year. He was the first horse I went to try, and I immeadiatley fell in love. He threw me off three times when we tried him, but I knew he was the one. When we brought him home, everyone was disgusted by the horse I picked out. He was fat, had little muscle tone, and wasnt very well schooled. I didn't care what they said because I didn't want a fancy show horse... I wanted a best friend, and that's what I got. I couldn't trot him 5 feet without him stopping, throwing his head down, or hopping. The people at my barn said that we were never going anywhere and that i should just get rid of him. I wasnt just going to give up on my best friend, so we kept trying. I learned more about him everyday and our bond grew stronger. Doc suddenly went lame and none of the vets could figure out what was wrong with him. I was heartbroken since they said he might not recover. I still refused to give up. One of the trainers at my barn recommended that we move him to a smaller, less stressful barn to see how he does. We moved him in April 2012 to Willow Rock Farm in North Great River. He loved the new enviroment! He made friends right away, and he loved his new in and out! The 24/7 turnout did miracles for his emotional stability. He gradually became sounder, and we were soon back in the saddle. His SmartPak supplement, Cosequin, also helped his joints soften up and helped with his recovery. He bagan to build up muscle and within a few months we were doing walk, trot, canter, and jumping crossrails again. We have been making substantial progress together, and we have an inseperable bond. I ride him bareback and fully tackless all the time. I trust him with my life. He has made a full recovery, and is completely sound now. We are now jumping 2'6"-3'3", and proving everyone wrong. They said we could never do it, but we have. He is the love of my life and my reason to smile everyday :) i couldn't imagine my life without him. I have suffered from eating disorders and self harm, and He's helped me overcome it all. Whenever I need someone to vent to, he's always there to listen. He loves me for who I am, and not what I look like. He knows when I'm feeling down and does silly things to cheer me up. I would never have imagined that a small paint horse, with a big heart, and an even bigger personality would be my reason to live.

Thank you for reading my story, I hope you enjoy it more than I enjoy my horse :)
If anyone is having problems with their horse, I recommend moving to a more low key barn that offers LOTS of turnout... It's definitely made a ginormous change in Doc's life.
With Love, Caralyn and Doc Roeper ~
-- Live Love Ride :)
  Tue Jul 10

Living With O.C.E.A.N. Syndrome




Living with O.C.E.A.N. Syndrome

By Scooter Grubb

Just recently, after years of research, I have finally been able to give a name to what my wife and I have been living with for years.


It's an affliction, for sure, which when undiagnosed and misunderstood can devastate and literally tear a family apart.  Very little is known about O.C.E.A.N. Syndrome. But it is my hope this article will generate interest from researchers involved in the equine and psychological sciences. You will, no doubt, begin to identify similar symptoms in your own family and hopefully now be able to cope.

OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE EQUINE ATTACHMENT NEUROSIS SYNDROME O.C.E.A.N.S) is usually found in the female and can manifest itself anytime from birth to the golden years. Symptoms may appear any time and may even go dormant in the late teens, but the syndrome frequently re-emerges in later years.

Symptoms vary widely in both number and degree of severity. Allow me to share some examples which are most prominent in our home.

The afflicted individual: 

1. Can smell moldy hay at ten paces, but can't tell whether milk has gone bad until it turns chunky.

2. Finds the occasional "Buck and Fart" session hugely entertaining, but severely chastises her husband for similar antics.

3. Will spend hours cleaning and conditioning her tack, but wants to eat on paper plates so there are no dishes.

4. Considers equine gaseous excretions a fragrance. 

5. Enjoys mucking out four stalls twice a day, but insists on having a housekeeper mop the kitchen floor once a week.

6. Will spend an hour combing and trimming an equine mane, but wears a baseball cap so she doesn't waste time brushing her own hair.

7. Will dig through manure piles daily looking for worms, but does not fish. 

8. Will not hesitate to administer a rectal exam up to her shoulder, but finds cleaning out the Thanksgiving turkey cavity for dressing quite repulsive.

9. By memory can mix eight different supplements in the correct proportions, but can't make macaroni and cheese that isn't soupy.

10. Twice a week will spend an hour scrubbing algae from the water tanks, but has a problem cleaning lasagna out of the casserole dish.

11. Will pick a horse's nose, and call it cleaning, but becomes verbally violent when her husband picks his.

12. Can sit through a four-hour session of a ground work clinic, but unable to make it through a half-hour episode of Cops.

The spouse of an afflicted victim: 

1. Must come to terms with the fact there is no cure, and only slightly effective treatments. The syndrome may be genetic or caused by the inhaling of manure particles which, I propose, have an adverse effect on female hormones.

2. Must adjust the family budget to include equine items - hay,veterinarian services, farrier services, riding boots and clothes, supplements, tack, equine masseuse and acupuncturist - as well as the (mandatory) equine spiritual guide, etc. Once you have identified a monthly figure, never look at it again. Doing so will cause tightness in your chest, nausea and occasional diarrhea.

3. Must realize that your spouse has no control over this affliction. More often than not, she will deny a problem even exists as denial is common.

4. Must form a support group. You need to know you're not alone - and there's no shame in admitting your wife has a problem. My support group, for instance, involves men who truly enjoy Harley Davidsons, four-day weekends and lots of scotch. Most times, she is unaware that I am even gone, until the precise moment she needs help getting a 50-pound bag of grain out of the truck.

  Mon May 14

Has Sportsmanship Gone by the Wayside?

by Laura Kathryn Gilmer


The word “sportsmanship” is thrown around today like it is a style word or some option to accept or reject if we feel like it, well-respected horseman Dale Livingston says. “It gets brought up at the year-end awards banquets but is seldom exhibited lately. Don’t get me wrong, true horsemen/women don’t generally act in an unsportsmanlike manner. I believe this is because their emphasis, their efforts and thoughts are spent on the performance of the horse, not on themselves,” Livingston explained. “When we see unsportsmanlike conduct in competition, it is always connected to an immature and selfish person’s actions, and frankly they don’t care what anyone else thinks or has to deal with. All they care about is their self, whether they are a trainer, exhibitor, owner or fan.”

Top clinician Andy Moorman mentions that there seems to be a growing lack of respect toward each other in peoples daily lives as well as at the horse shows. “Bad behavior is being rewarded and set up on a pedestal,” Moorman said. “It is very difficult for AQHA and other people that have good knowledge and judgment to stand up and be counted because they are afraid of the backlash.”

Sportsmanship is defined as: playing fair, following the rules of the event, respecting the judgment of the officials and treating opponents or other competitors with respect. Some define good sportsmanship as the “golden rule” of sports — in other words, treating the people you compete with and against as you’d like to be treated yourself.   Good sportsmanship is exhibited when you show respect for yourself, for your competitors or opponents, for those who support your performance whether they be a client, family or friend, as well as respect to the judges, ring stewards and those who hold the competition, Livingston remarked. “Sportsmanship isn’t just reserved for the people in the arena or warm-up pen. Fans, owners, family and friends also need to be aware of how they behave during our competitions. Sportsmanship is not a style, it is an attitude we need to exhibit more often if we intend to continue to thrive. Respect is the quintessential part in achieving sportsmanship and it can have a positive influence on everyone around when it is given to all involved.”

AQHA, APHA, and NSBA all have sections in their rulebooks dealing with unsportsmanlike behavior and the disciplinary procedures that take place for certain behavior. Show management has the right to expel any individuals from the show grounds that exhibit inappropriate behavior and unsportsmanlike conduct to help maintain the decorum at that particular show. Judges have the ability to oust any exhibitor from the arena for unsportsmanlike conduct, and they can recommend to show management that these individuals be asked to leave the show grounds. Also, a particular complaint must be in writing and presented to the Disciplinary Hearing Committee for NSBA and the Executive Committee for APHA and AQHA. Each individual involved in a dispute has the right to their day in court. The evidence of misconduct is presented at these hearings, and the committee members solely determine the punishment for each particular incident. Unsportsmanlike conduct is not taken likely but it is, at times, hard to prove and many people who file the complaints are not willing to ultimately follow through with the long legal process to find someone guilty of an infraction.

In light of what happened at this year’s Reichert Celebration and recently at other competitions across the country involving incidents such as fights, riding while intoxicated, abusing horses, and other unsportsmanlike behavior, many individuals are calling into question the integrity of some trainers in this industry. For the few readers that don’t know what occurred in Tulsa, there was a huge scene after the $250,000 Two-Year Old Challenge involving grown men and women physically assaulting one another after the class did not go quite as planned. It resulted in numerous police cars and an ambulance coming to the scene. Some people site the large amount of money at stake as the cause for trainers behaving badly. Others explain that alcohol mixed with intense emotions caused this unfortunate incident.

Non Pro Nancy Wilkerson who won the 2 Year-Old Non-Pro Western Pleasure with A Sensational Zippo at the Reichert witnessed this incident and was disappointed in the poor display of sportsmanship. “What was the saddest to me is that everybody was not speaking of the horse that won the big money class but the brawl afterward.”    Novice Amateur Micah Howard from Nashville, Tennessee also saw this unpleasant event. Here are his thoughts about what took place. “Horses are animals; they are subject to be less than perfect at any moment. The outcome of this particular high dollar class wasn’t great. In all honesty, I was embarrassed by the actions of the professional horsemen as a result of this class. Their actions made me seriously take stock of why I love this business and caused me to evaluate just what part I wanted to play in this business anymore,” Howard said. “I did take into consideration that a win of this particular class would make or break any trainer. However, the lack of professionalism shown, as a result of this class, was absolutely inappropriate. I believe that professional horsemen should be held to a high standard of professionalism in competition. They are representing the best in show of our breed. They are competing as professionals. Act like it. Yes, there is pressure; there are dollars at stake; there are reputations at stake; there are clients to be had or lost, but being professional and taking the high road will win in the end.”

As far as solutions, Howard adds, “I would like to see some sort of standard set with our professionals in the form of competing while under the influence. We can’t show horses on certain performance enhancing drugs, so why should we allow our professional horsemen to show intoxicated. To me, as a client, if my trainer is showing while intoxicated, it says to me that he/she isn’t taking my hard earned dollars seriously. I will say that not all of the blame should be placed on the professionals either. As the clients, we have the ability to remove our horse from a situation if we feel it isn’t going to be shown to the best of its ability. We depend on our professionals to do their jobs and prep the horses to the best of their ability and to exhibit them in the same manner. However, if more clients would demand that the trainer also conduct himself/herself in a professional manner, then this would certainly contribute to a better system.”

AQHA World Champion Hunter trainer Sandy Vaughn also believes there should be drug and alcohol testing for our trainers and riders. “My position on this is where there is that much money and alcohol you have trouble. If all other pro sports have to drug and alcohol test, F.E.I Olympic Jumpers, NASCAR, swimmers, football, baseball, and soccer, etc. – why not the riders? I suggested it last year at the convention for one of the rule changes. Not all shows but randomly and at all the big ones just like drug testing for the horses. I think integrity, acting like an adult and controlling our emotions is important. Alcohol is a strong thing. It can control us and make us do things we would never do sober. I am no angel, but when we partied it was when the work was done.”

Select Amateur Allison Ham mentions that fights break out in a variety of events. “Did you see the fight after the Oregon/Boise State football game? The Oregon player was suspended for part of the season and was in line for a top NFL draft pick, that is until this happened. One of the statements after the incident was great, ‘Play with emotion, don’t let emotion play with us.’ The NCAA has strict rules concerning sportsmanship. The NCAA definition of sportsmanship is: Sportsmanship is a set of behaviors to be exhibited by student-athletes, coaches, game officials, administrators and fans in athletics competition. These behaviors are based on values, especially respect and integrity,” Ham said.

Pleasure trainer Suzy Jeane remarks that when incidents like these happen at the horse shows there needs to be an automatic fine and suspension of these individuals. “It shouldn’t be where someone has to turn these people in in order to get some action. There should be strict rules that are automatically enforced.”

Highly respected multi-carded judge Andrea Simons mentions that she believes the fight at the Reichert was an isolated yet unfortunate incident. “Hopefully, we will all learn from this event,” Simons said. “J.R. Reichert runs a fabulous show and I take my hats off to them for being the first in the industry to elevate our industry to a new level.” Simons adds, “I understand some trainers were involved in unsportsmanlike behavior, but I don’t believe it is in their true nature. In times of crisis, some of these same individuals are ready to do anything to help people out.”

AQHA Ambassador Lynn Palm and Carol Harris of Bo-Bett Farms mention that there needs to be a steward system set up a lot like the one the USEF has in place. “It will make our shows more professional and emphasize correct horsemanship,” Palm said. “It would also help encourage everybody to abide by the rules while on the show grounds.”

Trainers need to realize that they are role models to our children and that their bad behavior does not set a good example. AQHA judge and trainer Rebecca Halvorson believes that good sportsmanship needs to be brought back to the forefront of our industry. “We spend our whole lives competing and competition is healthy.  We have parents that work so hard to make sure that there child never gets hurt or gets beat at absolutely anything (even meaningless things). Therefore, kids never learn to lose. Sure it hurts but it is life, and we all have to learn to accept the good and the bad even though we just want our kids to be protected from that pain.”

Halvorson adds, “I just want everyone to remember one thing: that it is not about us, the trainers. It is about the kids and the families that keep us going.  We all have to remember our roots and give back to the little guy, the new guy, etc. We have to make sure to encourage and take care of the young people in our industry (give them help whenever we can) and take time to appreciate our customers and all of the people that are involved with managing these shows because none of us would be here if it wasn’t for the aforementioned people.”

Select Amateur Lori Bucholz who recently won the Amateur Working Hunter at the Bayer Select World Show believes sportsmanship should always be addressed, no matter what event, sport or level of competition in which you compete. Bad sports get way too much airplay, whether it be someone like Kanye West, Tanya Harding or just an obnoxious little league parent.  “I do believe when those situations occur it becomes an excellent teaching opportunity for parents to show their kids how not to behave when they’re disappointed. Just because you show up at a show with a great horse, the correct trainer, tack and clothes this does not entitle you to the trophy.  In today’s top-notch competition, everyone shows up prepared.” Bucholz said. “I think bad sportsmanship, sadly, often leads to our horses getting abused.  A bad sport may come out of the arena and spur, pull, tug and do all sorts of horrific things to their horses when they should have taken a step backwards and asked themselves what they did wrong.  Usually your horse is just doing what you asked him to do, or he misbehaved because he was scared or unprepared for the circumstances of that day.”

Bucholz adds, “I do find that the majority of competitors are gracious, especially those in the ‘select’ group and those who’ve been very successful at the world show level.  We all realize the time, expense and heartache it takes to show.  With our life and showing experiences, we know that today could be my day and that tomorrow could be yours. So we’re happy to celebrate with the other competitors, or to commiserate, which ever the case! Those who show with me know I say a few things when I don’t do well: ‘There’s always another horse show’; ‘Sometimes you’re the windshield, sometimes you’re the bug’; and ‘We’re not out here curing cancer’.  What does all that mean?  To me it means try again tomorrow, that often you just can’t influence circumstances and, finally, get a big picture view of the world.”

Livingston expresses his thoughts about the episode at Tulsa, “I personally found it very disappointing that many people’s efforts to achieve positive changes for the pleasure horse industry and the efforts to achieve great rewards for exhibiting pleasure horses can be so disrespected by a few professionals. Professionals who don’t see and don’t want to admit that their conduct and their actions may cost others a future in the pleasure horse industry beyond the next show or the next futurity season.”

According to Livingston, we need organizations that represent the needs of the industry and hold the professionals responsible for their actions. “We don’t need a lynch party or a Gestapo. We just need a group of professionals and some association members that will institute changes that will make those involved in such actions in the future more accountable,” Livingston said. “I am struck by the example of the PBR and the fact that they took some truly rough and tough cowboys and got them to all smile; got them not to talk or act bad in public; got them to support one another which turned them into millionaire bull riders with fan clubs. If we only apply ourselves, there is no limit to the possibilities available, but it will only come through respect and the help of a strong organization.”

  Mon Apr 30

Rescue Horse Stories

Coffee’s Story

Hi! My name is Coffee and I am a Quarter Horse gelding.

I was the first horse seized by the Linn County Sheriff’s Office Animal Abuse Team, founded by Sheriff Tim Mueller.

The people where I used to live thought they were doing enough for me. But, because of my age, I needed more care than they were giving.

Someone cared enough to notice I needed help and called the Linn County Sheriff’s Office (LCSO). A deputy brought some very kind people to take me to Linn County Animal Rescue.

In less than two months in my new place, I gained 450 pounds, and was running around like a young colt.

My previous owner could not believe I was doing that well, so the LCSO arranged a brief visit for me with my previous owner one last time. I took a ride to the LCSO and my new friend Styler went with me to keep me company.

When my previous owner saw how healthy I had become, tears filled his eyes, and he said he was happy for me.

Coffee afterAfter that, I had my picture taken for the newspaper. You can read my article on the News & Articles page of our website. My life was good and filled with love.

Styler’s Note: Coffee has since passed away, but the memory of his friendship is still with us at LCAR.


Colt’s Story

I am a Morgan gelding. When I was young, I was kept tied in a yard like a dog. But as I grew, I was able to break my tie and go for a run on my own. While off on this adventure, I was pulled over by some LCSO deputies who told me I was too young to be running around all by myself. (I was only about a year old at the time.)

The deputies put me in a field while they looked for someone to babysit me.

When the kind people from LCAR came to get me, I did not understand they were there to help me. I ran from them, kicked, struck out and tried to bite them.

Thank goodness they did not give up!

However, I did acquire the name of “Crazy Colt.”

I was taken to the LCAR barn where volunteers worked with me until I was halter broken. Even then I still made it challenging for them to catch me.

(And, although I know now it was good for me, I did not like it a bit when I was gelded.)

Sometime after that I attended a fundraising event for the Linn County Sheriff Office Mounted Posse. I went home with a posse member from another county, and it was there that I met my new owner. Now I have a new home with someone who loves me dearly (and I don’t run away on my own anymore).


Buck’s Story

Hello, ya’ll. I am a quarter horse gelding, and my name is Buck.

You could probably saw that LCAR is partly my fault.

I had been very badly treated. When I tried to get away from the abuse, I suffered cuts on my front legs and chest.When I met my owner, Cindy, I was only 2 years old; that was almost 17 years ago.

Cindy was only 14 years old when we met, and I don’t know why, but her family bought me.

Thank goodness they did.

I was afraid of everything, especially men. Even today, I am still unsure around them. But every day, that little girl loved me and worked with me.

Her family helped too, and I healed both physically and mentally.

Now, at 19 years old, I can say I have a wonderful life, and have done so many different things. I’ve:

  • served on a drill team at the rodeo
  • barrel raced
  • appeared in parades
  • assisted with parking and security duties at community events, and
  • lots and lots of trail riding

For as long as I can remember, my owner, Cindy, has brought home stray animals that needed a safe place to stay. But things move along much faster after we joined the LCSO Mounted Posse. (Styler does all the Posse work now, though.)

When the Sheriff’s Office needed help finding foster homes for abused horses, they asked the Posse members first. Of course, my owner, being the way she is, offered to take one or two foster horses.

Our first horse, a POA (Pony of the Americas), we named Sadie. You can read her story on the Successes! page of this website.

Our next foster horse was an Arab gelding we named Tobbie. His story is also on the Successes! page.

When Tim Mueller became Sheriff, he created the Livestock Abuse Team, now called the Animal Abuse Team. You can find more information about them under “Investigation Team” at the “About Us” tab on this website.

As you can probably guess, my owner Cindy became a part of this team as soon as it was created.

After this, the need for foster homes continued to grow and we were getting busier and busier at home too. So, with the support and encouragement of the Sheriff’s Office, we set up Linn County Animal Rescue (LCAR).

With your continued support, we are helping more and more horses in need than ever before. (You can become a monthly supporter through our “Scarlett’s Friends” program.

Please check out the other pages on our website to learn more about how you can be part of our efforts bringing new life and vitality to abused animals in Linn County, Oregon.

Thanks, pardner!


Makena’s Story

When I was younger, I was a bit too adventurous and got myself into a little trouble. One day I got out of my pen and decided it was a good day to take a little jog down Hwy 99. And while I was jogging along, minding my own business, a LCSO deputy pulled me to the side of the road, and told me I really shouldn’t be on the highway by myself.

The deputy waited in the field with me until the good people at LCAR were able to pick me up.

It took some time for the deputy to find my owner, and when he finally came to visit me at LCAR, he loved it and thought it was a much better place for me.

I have been here ever since, and I love being part of this great big family.









  Mon Apr 30

Quarter Horse

The principle development of the Quarter Horse was in the southwestern part of the United States in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, eastern Colorado, and Kansas. Some breed historians have maintained that it is the oldest breed of horses in the United States and that the true beginning of the Quarter Horse was in the Carolinas and Virginia. Nye1 has suggested that the Chickasaws secured from the Indians were the true beginning of the Quarter Horse. These were small blocky horses, probably of Spanish extraction, which the planters secured from the Indians, and which were adapted for a variety of uses. The colonists were quite interested in short races, and it was only natural that they should have attempted to increase the speed of their horses; to this end some of the best early Thoroughbreds that were brought to the United States included the horse Janus, brought to the United States before the English Stud Book was established, were instrumental in the improvement of these local running horse. Later Imp. Sir Archy and other Thoroughbredstallions were used.

The early improvement in the Quarter Horse-so called because of its great speed at one quarter of a mile-and the early development of the Thoroughbred in the United States were closely associated. Some sires contributed notably to both breeds. Many short-distance horses were registered in the American Stud Book as Thoroughbreds when the Stud Book was established, even though they did not trace in all lines to imported English stock.

It is more logical to assume that the true establishment of the Quarter Horse took place some time later in the southwest range country, rather than in colonial times. It was in the southwest that the true utility value of these short-distance horses were truly appreciated. The cowman found the Quarter Horse quick to start, easy to handle, and of a temperament suitable for handling cattle under a wide variety of conditions. Even in the Southwest much was unknown of the breeding of many of the horses that were classified and registered in the 1940s as Quarter Horses. It is logical, therefore, to conclude that until the Stud Book was established and the pedigrees were based on fact rather than on memory and assumptions, the Quarter Horse should have been called a type of horse rather than a breed.

The Foundation and Improvement of the Breed

A Blending of Bloodlines. It is difficult to give the exact origin of the present-day Quarter Horse because the blending of bloodlines produce a suitable short-distance horse started in colonial areas prior to the Revolutionary War. This blending of bloodlines and the infusion of Thoroughbred blood was continued in the southwestern range territory as the cow country developed. Cowboys wanted to be well mounted. Ranchers tried to breed the kind of horses on which these men could work cattle and that could also be used in the age-old sport of racing. The Quarter Horse was not raced on carefully prepared tracks but was raced on any suitable open space. Organized races were the exception rather than the rule with many of the races being run as a “match race” after a private wager between owner or riders.

In the Southwest country as in the East, no particular attention was made to keep short-distance horses as a distinct breed. Fast horses whose offspring made good cow ponies were crossed on existing stock of mares. Many times these mares carried Spanish, Arabian, Morgan, or Standardbred breeding, and some have been referred to as “cold blooded” mares. The naming of horses after persons was a common practice, and often when the horses were sold their names were changed; such practices have led to no end of confusion in attempting to verify pedigrees after the horses, breeders, and owners were deceased.

The Contribution of Steel Dust. The first horse of Quarter type that attracted a great deal of attention in the Southwest was Steel Dust, foaled in Illinois in 1843, and taken to Lancaster, Texas, in 1846. He was a blood bay that stood 15 hands high and weighed approximately 1,200 pounds. Steel Dust was sired by Harry Bluff and traced to Sir Archy. The popularity of Steel Dust as a running horse and as a sire of running horses and cow horses caused many horses that descended from him, or were of similar type, to be called “Steel Dust” horses2. This name was quite common until the American Quarter Horse Association was established and the name Quarter Horse was officially adopted.

Some Other Early Sires. Other outstanding stallions were introduced into Texas before and after Steel Dust. Among these were Cooper Bottom by Sir Archy, foaled in Pennsylvania in 1828. In 1839 he was taken by General Sam Houston to Texas, where his descendants were considered very fast and made excellent cow horses. In 1849, Old Shiloh, foaled in Tennessee in 1844, was brought to Texas. He was four generations removed in the male line of Sir Archy. Lock’s Rondo, three generations removed in the male line from Shiloh, was foaled in Missouri about 1866, and was taken to Texas about 1868. Later he was also used as a sire in New Mexico.

In 1889, Traveler, a horse of unknown pedigree, was shipped to Texas in a carload of horses, and legend has it that he had originated in Kentucky. Traveler was apparently not considered a valuable horse because he was used on a scraper and at one time changed hands in a crap game. Traveler and his descendants were mated to some excellent mares, and many Quarter Horses today trace to him in male line of descent.

The Most Influential Sire. The most famous of all sires in the establishment of the Quarter Horse breed was Peter McCue, foaled in 1895, and bred by Samuel Watkins of Petersburg, Illinois. Peter McCue was registered as a Thoroughbred but evidence was later presented that he was not sired by the horse indicated in his official pedigree but was instead sired by Dan Tucker, who in turn traced his male line to Shiloh. Peter McCue stood for service in Texas, western Oklahoma, and in Colorado, and most modern Quarter Horses trace to him. Of the 11,510 Quarter Horses that have been registered prior to January 1, 1948,3 2,304 of them traced in male line to Peter McCue through his sons, grandsons, and great-grandsons. Traveler was the only horse that approached him in importance of male lines with 749 similar descendants that has been registered up to that date.

The Use of Thoroughbred Sires and Mares. The outstanding sires in the Quarter Horse type have not always been horses that traced in male lines of descent to recognized Quarter Horses; some trace to registered Thoroughbreds. In addition, many of the mares to which Quarter Horses have been mated have been Thoroughbred mares or mares of other breeds, so it can truly be said that the breed has been and still is in a formative period. Breeders have not objected to Thoroughbred breeding provided the horses were of the correct type.

Eighteen of the first nineteen registration numbers assigned to horses in vol. I of the American Quarter Horse Stud Book were saved for living horses that had proved themselves as outstanding sires of offspring of Quarter Horse type.4 Examination of the pedigrees of these horses indicates that many of them carried in excess of 50 per cent of Thoroughbred breeding, and only a very few of them did not carry some known Thoroughbred breeding rather close up in their pedigrees.

Noted Early Breeders. Many ranchers or persons interested in short-distance racing have contributed to the development of the Quarter Horse. Probably the first really noted improver was William Anson of Christoval, Texas. Mr. Anson was an excellent stockman who collected a band of horses of Quarter type. Among the best stallions he used was Harmon Baker by Peter McCue. Mr. Anson not only bred, used and raced Quarter Horses but he also was a student of the early history of Quarter Horses and attempted to concentrate bloodlines that he felt were useful in racing and range horses.

Another noted Texas breeder was W.T. Waggoner of Vernon and Fort Worth, Texas. Mr. Waggoner collected the fastest short-distance horses that he could obtain, and it was said that whenever he found a horse faster than any he already owned he attempted to purchase it. Many of the better modern Quarter Horses are only a generation or two away from Waggoner breeding because after Waggoner’s death, his estate carried on his breeding operations for many years. In the foundation of the American Quarter Horse Stud Book, the term Waggoner bred was considered pedigree enough for registration-so esteemed were his horses by other breeders and by founders of the breed association.5 Four other breeders who have had considerable influence in the development of the Quarter Horse through their long association with the breed and through their successful breeding operations were: Coke T. Roberds, Hayden, Colorado; George Clegg, Alice, Texas; S.C. Blake, Pryor, Oklahoma; and Dan Casement, Manhattan, Kansas.

Present-Day Breeders. One of the best-known breeding establishments of Quarter Horses at the present time is the King Ranch, Kingsville, Texas. The King Ranch raised good cattle horses for many years and obtained Old Sorrel, a son of Hickory Bill, as a colt from George Clegg of Alice, Texas; Old Sorrel was foaled in 1915 and died in 1945. This horse proved to be such an outstanding cow horse and sire of cow horses that a line breeding program was developed at the King Ranch 6 to maintain his relationship in the herd. Considerable Thoroughbred breeding has been used in the development of the King Ranch Quarter Horses.

It would be very difficult to mention all the breeders that have contributed to the Quarter Horse, because many breeders have not made an attempt to keep their horses before the public but have been content to raise their own horses. Some breeders have preferred to keep speed as a primary requisite and have specialized more in horses for racing than for ranch work

  Mon Apr 23

Horsey Tips And Hints

    • When u go to clean anything silver or metal or chrome in ur tack next time use toothpaste or tomato sauce. Both of these substances clean very well because they contain acid which is in most cleaning products. My Ponies favourite would be toothpaste as it does taste yummy!!

    • If your pony or horse makes it hard for you to put the bit in it's mouth then i have found a solution for you! Next time bring some carrots with you and then put them in your hand when you try to put the bit in your pony's or horse's mouth, this way it will open it's mouth to eat the carrot and you can slip the bit in it's mouth! taaadaaa

    • He knows when you're happy He knows when you're comfortable He knows when you're confident And he always knows when you have carrots

    • Don't look a horse in the eye when you're going to catch it. Look slightly to the side and keep your rope and halter just away from his view.

    • It is a good idea to use goodies such as pony pellets, carrots, apples or sugar lumps to reward your horse when you catch it. Carry them in a crinkly plastic bag. This will get him used to plastic bags which spook most horses and appear right when you don't want them. It can also be useful in emergencies so he will always come to the sound of you rustling a bag. 

    • Got extremely nasty knots in your mane or tail? I'm not talking tangles, I am talking things you'd get the scissors out for..CRC or WD40 - just spray it in and out come the knots, dont use a comb or brush, just untangle with your hands. seems odd, but trust me - we've had some nasties in the past and it never fails plus leaves it nice and shiny!

    • I use pop top lids on my shampoo bottles, makes life easier, i buy in bulk & put Glo-White & shampoo in smaller bottles & then add a pop top lid, great show show day! A hack saw blade is good for pulling out a winter coat. Mr Sheen for a coat shine spray.

    • Wash and dry the wound making sure it is clean and free of any foreign bodies. Once area is bone dry cut a piece big enough to cover the wound, peal and stick the Fixamol over the area (it will not stick if the area is even slightly damp). This stays on the area until it falls off by itself. You can continue washing the area with betadene or whatever through the skin but it stops anything getting in and flys etc. Quite a useful product.

    • Save your yoghurt tubs, they make good feed scoops. Or cut the cordial bottles in half, that gives you the equivalent to a plastic scoop RRP $9.95! Pffft!

    • Clean your bit with toothpaste, the abrasiveness helps...this also works well in grey tails.

    • a bay, not a grey, then you dont have to wash them as often!

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